Reflections on kaumātua, pakeke and seniors’ housing: Building robust solutions with research

Kylie Bailey

Abstract – Tuhinga Whakarāpopoto

Launched on 2 November 2022 at the Moa Crescent Kaumātua village in Kirikiriroa (Hamilton) this booklet is an information resource to promote better housing for our ageing population. It presents BBHTC/Ageing Well research exploring why changes are needed to our housing system, looks at some imaginative opportunities and shares the housing experiences and aspirations of kaumātua, pakeke (older people) and seniors. Aotearoa New Zealand has an ageing population, people are living for longer and in better health than ever before. In 40 years there will be one million kaumātua, pakeke and seniors who will be over the age of 65. Unless something is done to support this large group to better access housing and employment, our seniors, especially those living in urban environments, will find it increasingly difficult.

Other reports associated with this research

Cram, F. & Munro, M. (2020). Life when renting for older Māori. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 16, 1, 64-75. DOI: 10.1177/1177180120903504

James, B. (2021). Ageing in place as an older tenant: Independence and uncertainty. Research Bulletin for Building Better Homes, Towns and Cities, Affordable Housing for Generations. August 2021, 5pgs. Wellington: BBHTC.

James, B. (2021). Learning from seniors’ experiences of housing and home during the COVID-19 pandemic. Report for Building Better Homes, Towns and Cities, Affordable Housing for Generations. June 2021, 26pgs. Wellington: BBHTC.

James, B., Bates, L., Coleman, T., Kearns, R. & Cram, F. (2020). Tenure insecurity, precarious housing and hidden homelessness among older renters in New Zealand. Housing Studies. DOI: 10.1080/02673037.2020.1813259

James, B., Coleman, T., Cram, F., Bates, L. & Kearns, R. (2021). Pathways to renting among older former homeowners. New Zealand Population Review, 47, 225–261. Special Edition: Housing at the heart of place, people and population.

James, B. & Saville-Smith, K. (2018). Designing housing decision-support tools for resilient older people. Architectural Science Review, 61, 4, 1-8, Published online 2 August.

James, B. & Saville-Smith, N. (2018). Tenure insecurity and exclusion: older people in New Zealand’s rental market. 17pgs. Paper presented to European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, 27-29 June 2018.

James, B. & Saville-Smith, N. (2019). Building solutions to enable people with dementia to age in place: A literature review. Report for Building Better Homes, Towns and Cities: Building Solutions Project. August 2019, 66 pgs. Wellington: BBHTC.

Saville-Smith, K. & James, B. (2018). Resilience, Ageing, and Adapting to Change. In Roaf, S., Brotus, L. & Nicol, F. (Eds.), Design to Thrive – Legacy Document (pp. 47- 50). 33rd PLEA International conference 2017. Edinburgh: PLEA.

Keywords – Kupu Hāngai

Housing, ageing, older people, older tenants, ageing in place, homeownership, independence and wellbeing, kaumātua, pakeke, seniors, ageing well

Fields of Research – Āpure Rangahau

Māori; Population Demographics; Age and aging; Housing security and mental health


Date – Te Wā Whakarewa



Type – Te Auaha


Citation – Kupu Hautoa

Bailey, K. (2022). Reflections on kaumātua, pakeke and seniors’ housing: Building robust solutions with research. Saville-Smith, K., Cram, F., James, B. & A. Robinson (Eds.). Dunedin: Ageing Well National Science Challenge & Affordable Housing For Generations (BBHTC).